Agnes Varda’s ‘Le Bonheur’ – beauty and tragedy on Max and Criterion Channel

Le Bonheur (France, 1965), a lovely tale of a tragic love triangle in the Paris suburbs, looks like an impressionist painting come to life.

A young carpenter (Jean-Claude Drouot) with a loving wife (Claire Drouot) and family falls for a pretty postmistress (Marie-France Boyer). To his bohemian philosophy it’s perfectly natural to enter into an affair because it will only increase his happiness, but his wife is not so understanding.

Agnès Varda creates a strange tension between her happy, smiling characters in their sun-drenched Eden. The delicately hued colors of the picturesque French countryside suggests an impossibly idyllic existence belied by the churning drama underneath. The melodrama and emotional storm plays out in that paradise, even transforming tragedy into an oddly happy ending. Varda observes it all from a cool distance, neither judging them nor encouraging.

The playful style echoes her French New Wave compatriots with startling flashcuts, out of focus portraits, and silly wordgames played by both the characters and the director. But her aloofness creates a disconnection between the characters and their actions, as if they are not really responsible for the tragedies of their lives.

It was controversial at the time of its release but is hardly shocking today. I consider it one of the most texturally beautiful films of the 1960s and a work that still offers a troubling but tantalizing dissonance.

In French with English subtitles

Explore the Criterion Channel collection of French New Wave features and New Wave shorts here.

Also on Blu-ray and DVD and on SVOD through Amazon Video, iTunes, GooglePlay, Vudu and/or other services. Availability may vary by service.
The Complete Films of Agnès Varda (The Criterion Collection) [Blu-ray]
Four by Agnes Varda (La Pointe Courte / Cleo from 5 to 7 / Le bonheur / Vagabond) (The Criterion Collection) [DVD]

Don’t miss a single recommendation. Subscribe to the Stream On Demand weekly newsletter (your E-mail address will not be shared) and follow us on Facebook and X (formerly known as Twitter).

Sean Axmaker is a Seattle film critic and writer. He writes the weekly newspaper column Stream On Demand and the companion website, and his work appears at, Turner Classic Movies online, The Film Noir Foundation, and Parallax View.

Related posts